Ode to the countryside of Brabant
The spatial brief for Veghels Buiten consists of the phased realization of 2,000 residential units with extra facilities. The plan is not for the new residential area to be developed all at once. Bureau B+B’s master plan is an organic-growth model based on gradual development in accordance with need. The designers interpret the location as a ‘Brabant en miniature’; in the course of the twentieth century various attempts to achieve a concentration of urbanization in the area have failed, such that its settlements still have a dispersed character. Veghels Buiten is conceived as a ‘suburban meteor shower of village-like enclaves’: compact construction in new residential nuclei with ca. 30 to 250 residential units.
Each of the nuclei has its own identity. They stand detached in the landscape and are connected by means of a simple new curved ribbon with a rural character and a low speed limit. New ‘side scenes’, based on the old field pattern, obstruct distant perspectives of the surrounding countryside from the visitor, arousing expectations of an endless landscape for therapeutic relaxation. A cycling- and walking-path structure that makes use of old sand paths is located between the enclaves. Extensive cattle farms, possibly combined with hobby farmers and pastures with horses, will form the basis of the landscape’s management. The water system consists of sewage farms, existing drainage ditches and a new ecological ditch structure.
The master plan distinguishes between two landscape units: the old land- reclamation area, a small-scale landscape with meandering ribbons and beautiful distant perspectives, and the new land-reclamation area, a regular, more open tree-chamber landscape. No drastic expansions are done in the old land-reclamation area; where possible, small numbers of homes are added, usually behind the existing nuclei. In the new land-reclamation area, new build is a guest in Brabantland, but according to the designers, the landscape here is more flexible and more readily disposed to adapting itself.
All in all, there are three types of enclave, in order of increasing size: the farmyard enclave, the courtyard enclave and the monastery-garden enclave.
The typology of the farmyard enclave was inspired by the traditional farmyard. It features a home at its entrance as well as chains and rows of homes distributed on the landscape.
The courtyard enclaves were inspired by farmhouses. They are moderately large and consist of one or more courtyards enclosed by buildings, and an outer rim of parcels distributed on the landscape.
The monastery-garden enclave is, with a maximum of 12 hectares, the largest of the building clusters. It consists of two residential fields with one or more buildings, inspired by the typology of Brabantian monasteries and gardens. There is room for three or four monastery enclaves. The precise location and number of the enclaves are not fixed, but will have to be determined repeatedly, depending on the landscape structure and availability of land.
- Location: Het Melven, Veghel, Netherlands
- under construction: 2006 - 2017
- Client: Municipality of Veghel
- Area: 330 ha