City Park Kerkrade

Stadspark Kerkrade

Over the years, the City Park of Kerkrade had become fragmented and polluted. Bureau B+B was designated to redesign the park and bring it back to life. The strategy consists principally of relocating the deer park and transforming a steep ridge into an amphitheater. In addition, the path structure has been altered and a vanished brook is now flowing through the park again.

Renovation
The City Park in Kerkrade was created at the beginning of the 20th century in the classical English landscape style. There are winding pathways, water features, tree clumps and a deer park. Although today, a former landfill on the location creates a significant height difference. The City Park is a green hub between the town centre, the Gaia Zoo, Erenstein Castle and the surrounding countryside. Several additions and alterations have disorganized the park over the course of the past years leading to B+B transforming it into an attractive unity.

Spatial Unity
B+B encountered a divided park in Kerkrade. A deer park on one side, and a steep ridge on the other, the park lacked a spatial unity. The deer park was relocated and the ridge was transformed from an obstacle into a place to be. Natural stone edges create terraces like an amphitheater. The dense vegetation is opened up for a panoramic overview. A new pathway structure creates physical connections. The entrances are marked more prominently, making the park a natural route between the town centre, the surrounding neighborhoods and the countryside.

Brook
In the past, a brook used to run through the site of the City Park: the Nierspringbeek. Although, the land-fill forced this brook underground. Today, the water flows visibly through the park again. In the highest part of the park, the water springs in a ‘well’, a fountain in a flowing basin with stepping stones. The water flows from the ‘well’ into a cobble stone gutter through the park then proceeds downhill over the terraces of the ridge. The deeper the brook flows into the park, the more natural the watercourse. It ends by falling into a pond at the lowest area of the. The brook serves as a connecting feature and a playful object while simultaneously regulating the drainage of rainwater from the surrounding neighborhoods. During heavy downpours, the brook turns into a raging rapid.

Soil Pollution
The soil from the former land fill is polluted. When it was still in use, the garbage was covered with soil before the next layer was dumped on top. The ground is a mixture of 50% litter and 50% soil. The only way to adjust the relief was to add soil. It was a challenge to create attractive slopes in this manner, while saving as many trees as possible.

Photography: Frank Hanswijk

  • Location: Stadspark, Kerkrade, Nederland
  • constructed: 2014 - 2016
  • Client: City of Kerkrade
Stadspark Kerkrade fontein

The brook springs in a ‘well’.

Stadspark Kerkrade study

During the years, the park had become disorganized. Bureau B+B relocated the deer park and transformed a steep ridge into an amphitheatre. The path structure has been altered

Stadspark Kerkrade

A vanished brook is now flowing through the park again.

Stadspark Kerkrade waterval

During heavy downpours, the brook turns into a raging rapid.

Stadspark Kerkrade

The deeper the brook flows into the park, the more natural the watercourse.

Stadspark Kerkrade hertenkamp

The deer park was relocated

Stadspark Kerkrade

The dense vegetation is opened up for a panoramic overview.

Stadspark Kerkrade

Due to pollution, the only way to adjust the relief, was to add soil.

Stadspark Kerkrade watergeul

The water flows into a cobble stone gutter through the park.

Stadspark Kerkrade

The new planting is colorful during each season.